PCOS

What is it?


Polycystic ovary symptom is a condition that affect how a woman’s ovaries work. The ovaries contain a large number of harmless follicles that are up to 8mm in size. These follicles are underdeveloped sacs in which eggs develop. In PCOS these sacs are often unable to release an egg, which means ovulation doesn’t take place.


This condition is very common and thought to affect up to 1 in 10 women in the UK and is the most common causes of infertility in women.

Features of PCOS

  • Irregular periods

  • Excess androgen levels (the male hormone)

  • Polycystic ovaries

Symptoms

The signs of PCOS usually become apparent in late teens and early 20s.

These can include:

  • Irregular periods or no periods at all - irregular ovulation or failure to ovulate

  • Hirsutism - excessive hair growth cause by male hormones

  • Weight gain

  • Thinning hair and hair loss from the head

  • Oily skin or acne

  • Darkening of skin - along neck creases, in the groin and underneath breasts

  • Skin tags

What are the causes? The exact cause is unknown but PCOS frequently runs in families. It's related to abnormal hormone levels in the body, including high levels of insulin. This hormone controls the sugar levels in the body. Many women with PCOS are resistant to the action of insulin in their body and produce higher levels of insulin to overcome this.

Treatment


There isn’t a cure for PCOS but symptoms can be treated. 

  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet. Low-fat, high-carbohydrate diets might increase insulin levels, so it may help to choose complex carbohydrates which raise your blood sugar levels more slowly.

  • Get active. Exercise helps lower blood sugar levels, so increasing your daily activity and participating in a regular exercise program may treat or even prevent insulin resistance and help you to maintain a healthy weight.

  • Medication is available to treat the symptoms of excessive hair growth and irregular periods. 

  • Supplements to help balance blood sugar would work to stop insulin levels from spiking. SEE: Terra Nova, Chromium, Cinnamon and Lipoic Acid.

References


https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos/

https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/polycystic-ovary-syndrome

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pcos/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353443

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos


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